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Web-based Research Paper

In this paper you are asked to analyze a major human rights problem in a particular country (I prefer North Korea, but if you have a better country, go with that country).  The purpose of this exercise is to use a human rights perspective for understanding and seeking to remedy a severe social injustice.
In researching and compiling your paper, please follow the instructions below.  You must cover the specified elements (ordered as you prefer), but try not to submit a paper that reads like a check-list.  You are expected to fashion a coherent narrative, and to identify the most significant overall findings of your investigation.  Those findings should be stated in the introduction of your essay, and reviewed in the conclusion.

1. Describe a human rights problem in a particular country.  For information, consult one or more of the following sources.
1.    Amnesty International www.amnestyusa.org (Links to an external site.) (Go to “Our Work” and click on “Countries.”) Or go directly tohttp://www.amnestyusa.org/all-countries/page.do?id=1041024 (Links to an external site.)
2.    Human Rights Watch www.hrw.org (Links to an external site.)  (Use the “Browse by Country” button at the very bottom of the page.)
3.    American Civil Liberties Union www.aclu.org (Links to an external site.) (limited to the US)
4.    US State Department Country Reports http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt (Links to an external site.) (does not include the US)
In addition, you may want to consult the annual world reports of Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, also available online.  Lexis-Nexis (UW restricted) will help you locate relevant news articles.  You may consult other sources if you wish.
2. Identify the specific human rights that are being violated.  Be alert to all the relevant human rights, and think about how violations of one human right can undermine others.  Discuss how the relevant rights are defined (or ignored) in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
3. Read the national constitution, and discuss what protections it does or does not promise for the right in question.  Usewww.constituteproject.org (Links to an external site.),  http://confinder.richmond.edu/ (Links to an external site.), http://oxcon.ouplaw.com (Links to an external site.)/, or a similar page.
4. Identify any relevant UN human rights treaties, and describe how the rights are defined in those treaties. In most cases you should confine your attention to the “Core International Human Rights Instruments” listed here:http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CoreInstruments.aspx (Links to an external site.). In rare cases, you may want consult this longer catalogue: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/UniversalHumanRightsInstruments.aspx (Links to an external site.). Here is the portal to the UN page on international human rights law: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/index.htm (Links to an external site.).
5. State whether the country has ratified the relevant UN treaties.  You will find this information here:http://treaties.un.org/Pages/Treaties.aspx?id=4&subid=A&lang=en (Links to an external site.).  (This chart includes far more treaties than you should examine.  Consult the major treaties that are relevant to your topic.)  A country has ratified a treaty if there is a date appearing in the “Accession, Succession, Ratification” column.

6. Find out if the country has ratified the regional human rights treaty (if any) in its geographic area: the European Convention on Human Rights (Links to an external site.), the American Convention on Human Rights (Links to an external site.), or the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Links to an external site.). Ratification lists can be found at:
1.    Africa: http://www.achpr.org/instruments/achpr/ratification/ (Links to an external site.)  or http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/ratz1afchr.htm
2.    The Americas: http://www.oas.org/juridico/english/Sigs/b-32.html (Links to an external site.) .  A country has ratified if there is a date appearing in the “Ratification/Accession” column. Two countries, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela have withdrawn their ratifications.
3.    Europe: http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=005&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG (Links to an external site.)
Discuss how the relevant rights are defined in the relevant regional treaty.
7. Note: Here’s a convenient way to find out which human rights treaties, international and regional, the country has ratified: http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/research/ratification-index.html (Links to an external site.). (Only a few years out of date.)
8. Note: Some of you may choose to write about abuses committed by insurgent groups or rebel armies.  Though such organizations do not ratify international treaties, they are still governed by human rights law.  You should refer to the Universal Declaration and any treaties that seem relevant.  Moreover, insurgent organizations, like states, are governed by the law of armed conflict.  You may therefore want to consult Articles 6-8 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.  To read the treaty, please paste the link www.un.org/law/icc/index.html (Links to an external site.) into your browser, click on “Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court” (under “Documentation”) and then click on “Entire Statute.”
9. Discuss whether and in what way the government’s (or insurgency’s) conduct is in violation of domestic law, the nation’s treaty obligations, and customary international law.  Is the relevant human rights law, at the national and international levels, adequate and appropriate, and if not, how should it be improved?
10. Discuss what you think government officials (or insurgent leaders), national citizens, and international actors should do in light of your findings.
NOTE: You must document sources for all specific information provided in your essay.  You may use either footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical references that refer to a bibliography on the back page.  Use a standard format (e.g., Chicago or MLA) and be consistent.  Your citation should include enough information to identify the source clearly; please also list the web-page address.  Subsequent citations to the same report should be abbreviated.  Examples:
1.    Amnesty International, “Dissent and Impunity in Belarus,” 21 June 2002, web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/EUR490202000?OpenDocument&of=COUNTRIESBELARUS.
2.    Amnesty International, “Dissent and Impunity in Belarus.”
3.    International Covenant on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD), art. 3.
4.    CERD, art. 9.


Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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