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Consider the “Framework for Understanding the Target Population” from Chapter 3 of your Social Work Macro Practice text, pages 85–86. Select a population that has been faced with issues of discrimination and oppression. Reflect on what approach you, as a human services leader, should take in understanding and serving this population and promoting community empowerment, addressing all four tasks outlined in the framework.


In this chapter, we framed engagement with diverse and different population groups within an overview of advancing human rights and social and economic justice. A framework for engaging with diverse populations was presented. The first task was to start where the population is and involves self-reflective practice. Although cultural competence is extensively cited as a goal, criticism of this concept is that it assumes one can become competent in understanding another culture. Cultural humility makes a somewhat different assumption: It involves a continual commitment to co-learning and self-reflection, and recognizes the power imbalances in interactions between helping professionals and consumers. Throughout this chapter, we emphasized the importance of listening to population group members and recognizing that there will be different perspectives.

Task 2 focused on the impact of difference, discrimination, and oppression. Highlighted were definitions of systems of oppression, including ableism, ageism, classism, ethnocentrism, heterosexism and trans oppression, racism, and sexism. Intersectionality was introduced, along with themes of critical race theory and recognition of the reification of whiteness.

Task 3 focused on using the professional knowledge base to gather information on the population, noting that it is important to fully draw from insider perspectives as well as the theories and studies that inform understandings of the population group with which one is working. What is known about growth and development as well as social relationships and structures was explored as a beginning step in fully accessing the professional knowledge base.

Task 4 elaborated on methods that can be used to engage small and large groups in change episodes. Understanding group development and stages of growth was emphasized, given the fact that macro practice involves an array of task-oriented groups in the change process.

Engaging the population group is a parallel process to problem identification, the subject of Chapter 4. Together, Chapters 3 and 4 provide change agents with sets of interrelated activities that will be helpful in formulating a problem definition. In conjunction with persons who have experienced the problem, and with their full and ongoing participation, the tasks and activities in these two chapters will assist the change agent and others in beginning to move toward an episode of change.

Appendix: Framework for Understanding the Target Population

Task 1: Start Where the Population Is

Develop Cultural Humility

What experiences has the social worker had with members of this population group?

What self-identities and attitudes does the social worker bring to this situation?

What are the power imbalances faced by this population group?

Listen to Different Perspectives from Population Members

Identify key informants from the population of interest.

Include diverse voices and perspectives in articulating the issues faced by this population.

Task 2: Assess the Impact of Difference, Discrimination, and Oppression

Explore the Discriminatory and Oppressive Issues Faced by This Population

What stereotypes or generalizations confront this population group?

How has this population group been discriminated against or oppressed?

Do members of the population group feel marginalized, and, if so, why?

Assess Implications of Intersectionality

What are the dimensions of intersectionality within this population?

What issues of power, privilege, discrimination, and oppression are identified by members of this population?

What frameworks are useful in understanding population dynamics?

Task 3: Search the Professional Knowledge Base on the Target Population

Identity Concepts and Issues Related to Growth and Development

What sources of the professional knowledge base are available on this population group?

What theoretical frameworks are available that will help in understanding the target population?

What factors or characteristics gleaned from the knowledge base on this population will be helpful in understanding the target population?

Assess Social Relationships and Structures

Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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