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Selecting Day Care Facilities for Twin Rivers

You have been hired by the executives of City of Twin Rivers to conduct analyses in support of their “Care for our Children” program.

The city council of Twin Rivers recently passed a resolution to fund much needed child care facilities for the city. A total of ?850,000 has been made available to buy or lease child care sites throughout the city. An initial survey of the requirements for city-supported facilities has already been conducted and that data will form the basis of the sitting and facility selection analysis process. That initial survey indicated the need for facilities providing four categories of child care: infant care, pre-school care, after school care, and drop-in care. The survey indicated the following minimum requirements for each category of child care. Naturally, a goal of this program is not only to try and cover these minimum requirements, but also to try and maximize the total number of child care slots created.

Category    Requirements*
Infant care    200
Pre-school care    250
After-school care    325
Drop-in care    150
*all requirements are in terms of available slots
Various sites have been identified and these sites are either for lease or for sale. The leased sites require no additional modification at city expense. All modification expenses are borne by the site owner. The sites for sale will require some level of renovation and these renovation costs have been rolled into the purchase cost for the site. Additionally, some types of maintenance on leased sites will be borne by the owner reducing the expected maintenance costs the city must cover. The sites and the pertinent information about those sites is summarized in the table below. Note that all costs are in ?1000s. Each site was also assessed regarding the relative “safety” of the site. Safety issues included such things as parking, condition of the grounds, and condition of the structure. A safety index was used with each site rated as 1 for acceptably safe, 2 for marginally safe, and 3 for marginally safe given some modifications. Any sites surveyed found unacceptable in the safety department were dropped from further consideration.

Child Slots Supported
Infant    Pre-school    After    Drop-in    Type of    Cost of    Maintenance    Index of
Facility    Care    Care    school care    Care    Facility    Facility    Cost    Facility
1    50    —    75    50    RENT    ?145.00    ?11.98    1
2    40    —    75    60    RENT    ?146.00    ?12.03    2
3    —    70    75    30    RENT    ?139.50    ?11.71    2
4    75    40    —    30    RENT    ?136.50    ?11.56    1
5    50    —    —    75    BUY    ?125.00    ?26.98    1
6    —    90    —    75    BUY    ?156.50    ?60.56    3
7    25    —    80    40    BUY    ?115.50    ?42.51    2
8    —    85    100    —    RENT    ?137.25    ?11.59    2
9    85    50    75    —    BUY    ?169.00    ?61.18    3
10    100    75    75    —    BUY    ?203.75    ?30.92    1
11    60    —    —    75    RENT    ?134.00    ?11.43    3
12    40    40    40    40    RENT    ?139.00    ?11.68    2
13    —    85    —    65    BUY    ?142.25    ?43.84    2
14    75    85    75    —    BUY    ?189.75    ?30.22    1
15    65    —    75    30    BUY    ?138.50    ?43.66    2

These new facilities will require staffing. The city council would like insight into the number of new staff required and the subsequent annual personnel budget to accommodate these new positions. Medical, administration, and of course providers are required for the facilities. The desired level of staffing is based on a projected child-to-staff ratio. For planning purposes, a Created Slot-to-Staff ratio can be employed.

Ratios Refer to Child-to-Staff Ratio
Type of
Personnel    Annual Cost
of Position    Overall
Ratio    Infant
Ratio    Pre-School
Ratio    After-School
Ratio    Drop-In
Medical    ?16,000    40:1
Administration    ?25,000    80:1
Providers    ?13,000        3:1    6:1    15:1    7:1
Maintainers**    ?21,000
** One maintainer per facility.

Although the city council has agreed to fund this project for approximately ?850,000, reasonable targets for maintenance and personnel costs, and safety index levels must be established. The city council members would not only like recommendations on site selection that account for all the goals established for this project, they would like a summary breakout of the personnel requirements and costs associated with the recommended options.    (Case study adapted from Ragsdale (2014))

(a)    Formulate and implement appropriate multiple objective linear programming and goal programming optimization model(s) to provide a recommendations for the ?Care for our Children? programme using appropriate software.

(b)    Critically evaluate the ethical implications of the recommendation(s) you have made above in the context of the literature on ethical decision making with suggestions for justifiable changes to the original recommendation(s).

11.  Assessment criteria

The attached assessment grid will be used in marking your work

12. Special instructions

Your attention is drawn to the University Regulations for Assessment Section 7

Careful referencing of sources is vital when making use of the work of others.  You are expected to employ the referencing conventions recommended in the Field/Course.  These conventions apply to information taken from internet sources, as well as books, journals and lectures.  These are some of the points you should check before submitting your work:

?    are all direct quotations, from both primary and secondary sources, suitably acknowledged (placed in quotation marks or indented)?
?    have you provided full details of the source of the quotation, according to the referencing convention used in the Field?
?    have you acknowledged the source of ideas not your own, even if you are not quoting directly from the source?
?    have you avoided close paraphrase from sources? (Check that you are not presenting other people?s words or phrasing as if they are your own.)
?    if you have worked closely with others in preparing for this assessment, is the material you are presenting sufficiently your own?


Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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