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Europe Without Borders

Order Description


For this task, you should click on the link below and read the whole section 2 entitled ’Defining Europe’ from the Open University unit What is Europe, available at

The portfolio is the first written assessment in the course. You have to complete the four tasks listed below. Do ensure that you answer all the questions within each task. The completed portfolio should then be submitted electronically (with the header sheet attached) through Moodle and Turnitin on the due date: Thursday 11th December 2014. [Please note the anticipated return date is three working weeks after the submission date.]
The portfolio accounts for 40% of the total marks for this course. The total word length should be around 2500 words.

Task 1 (25%)
Read the following chapter:
Desmond Dinan (2008) ’How did we get here’, in The European Union: How does it work? in E. Bomberg et al. (Oxford University Press), pp. 22-41 (also available on Moodle).

•    Summarise in your own words the main points of this chapter (500 words).

Task 2 (20%)
For this task, you should read the edited extract entitled ”2. Defining Europe” from the Open University unit What is Europe, available at:
Please read the entire section 2 namely ”2.1 Europe as a geographical area”; ”2.2 Europe as a sequence of ideas”; ”2.2 Europe as a sequence of ideas”; ”2.3 Europe as a ‘non-other’”

Now, read the following questions, and provide short answers (50-100 words for questions a,b,c).
(a)    Why is Europe more than a geographical expression?
(b)     Why was WW1 and WW2 such a traumatic shock for Europe, and why did war and its consequences challenge Europe’s core values?
(c)    How did the idea/identity of Europe change after 1989?
(d)     What role has the idea of ’otherness’ played in the formation of European identity?  (250-300 words).

Task 3 (35%) – 1,000 words in total.
Read the following article:
John Redmond (2007) ’Turkey and the European Union: Troubled European or European Trouble?, International Affairs, 83:2, 305-317  (also available on Moodle).
•    What are the ambiguities in EU policy towards Turkey? (100 words)
•    Which EU member states support Turkish membership, and which do not?
How does the author explain these positions? (100 words
•    Why does the author support Turkey becoming a member of the EU soon? (100 words
•    The opposition to Turkey is based on religious and cultural reasons. Which of these arguments does the author present, and how does he argue against them? (100 words
•    Do you agree or disagree with the author’s position? Why? (600 words).

Task 4 (20%) – 400-600 words in total.
Read the following chapter:
E. Bomberg and A. Stubb (2008) ’The EU’s Institutions’, in The European Union: How does it work?, in E. Bomberg et al. (Oxford University Press), pp. 22-41 (also available on Moodle).
•    Briefly describe the structure and functions of the following institutions:
(a)    The European Parliament (100-150 words)
(b)    The Council of the European Union (100-150 words)
(c)    The European Commission (100-150 words)
(d)     The European Court of Justice (100-150 words)


Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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