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civil rights; https://blackboard.vcu.edu/webapps/assessment/take/launch.jsp?c…=_147104_1&course_id=_124271_1&content_id=_5027348_1&step=null

It is undisputed that Mr. Roberts, who had a history of depression and borderline personality disorder,
telephoned his girlfriend and stated that he was somewhat depressed. A team of ofcers arrived at Roberts’
apartment, rang the doorbell, and pounded on the door until he responded. When he opened the door a
little bit, ofcers burst through. The door hit him in the head and knocked him to the floor and the towel in
which he had wrapped himself came of, leaving him naked. The force of the entry also ruptured a plastic
bag of used kitty litter, placed near the front door. The ofcers did not have probable cause so Roberts was
never arrested. Discuss any possible cause of action that Roberts may have under the United States
Code and what he will need to prove to be successful in his claim.
Arial 3 (12pt)
10 points
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If a person has a valid claim for money damages for violations of civil rights under color of law, what federal
statue would best provide relief?
Federal Rule 702
Federal Rule 703
42 United States Code Section 1983 (1983 claim)
Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
QUESTION 3 5 points
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You are observing with a special kind of device available only to law enforcement from
a helicopter flying overhead.  What case would form the best basis for the argument
that a warrant was required?
Riley v. Dunn (1968)
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
Kyllo v. U.S. (2001)
Carroll v. U.S. (1925)
QUESTION 4 5 points
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May the subject of a consent search limit the scope (time, place, manner) of the
consent search?
QUESTION 5 5 points
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Warrantless searches by the government are per se  unreasonable under the fourth amendment.
QUESTION 6 5 points
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Match the cases listed to the major point of law from each case.
–  US v. LEON (1984)
–  WONG SUN v. US (1963)
–  US v. DUNN (1987)
–  KATZ v. US (1967)
A.fruit of the poisonous tree
B. plain feel (or touch)
C.the fourth amendment protects people not
D.good faith exception
E. open woods and fields
QUESTION 7 10 points
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The police have set up a highway checkpoint to obtain information from motorists about a murder occurring
about one week earlier at the same location and time of night.  Officers stop each vehicle for 10 to 15
seconds, ask the occupants whether they have seen anything happen there the previous weekend, and
hand each driver a paper describing the crime and requesting information.
Question:  Would the United States Supreme Court holding in conformance with Illinois v. Lidster (2004),
likely hold that such an informational checkpoint stop was constitutional?
QUESTION 8 5 points
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One example of a constitutional warrantless search might be when a drug suspect is fleeing an
arrest and tries to flush cocaine down a toilet.
QUESTION 9 10 points
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Under a 2012 United States Supreme Court decision it is no longer necessary for law enforcement
(police) to obtain a search warrant or court order prior to using GPS tracking of automobiles
provided the police only monitor the GPS in public access areas.
QUESTION 10 5 points
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Is probable cause necessary for a consent search to be valid?
QUESTION 11 5 points
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In Mapp v. Ohio (1961), the United States Supreme Court was asked (among other things) to
decide whether or not an Ohio state statute concerning pornographic material was
unconstitutionally vague.  What did the Supreme Court decide?
A.Pornography statutes must be very specific and this Ohio state statute was impermissibly
B. They decided that even though the Ohio statute was vague, it was a matter of states rights
to decide about pornography.
C.They decided they wanted to address another issue entirely and instead decided the case by
extending the reach of the exclusionary rule.
D.The Supreme Court was skeptical of the police testimony because no search warrant
probably ever existed anyway and decided the trial court was wrong in the way it interpreted
that fact.
QUESTION 12 5 points
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Civil law is different from criminal law primarily because civil law is concerned with
cases where the parties are private citizens and the remedy is most often
____________________ and not jail or fines.
QUESTION 13 5 points
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You are using a special device, not generally available to the public, to detect the scent of marijuana (technological
advance) from a helicopter flying overhead.
Would a court holding in conformance with Kyllo v. U.S., (2001), be likely to find that a valid search warrant was
required for this kind of activity?
Arial 3 (12pt)
5 points
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If you wanted support for a warrantless search of a movable motor vehicle, what 1925 case would you cite?
California v. Hodari D. (1925)
Carroll v. United States (1925)
Mapp v. Ohio (1925)
Illinois v. Gates (1925)
QUESTION 15 5 points
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Alcohol consumption varies by race and ethnicity. The four major minorities in the US are African
Americans; Hispanics; Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders; and American Indians/Alaska Natives. Both
current drinking (defined as consumption of 12 or more drinks in the past year) and heavy drinking are
most prevalent among AI/ANs and Native Hawaiians and lowest among AAPIs. See  National Institute on
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and Minorities No. 55 January 2002. The Anytown
Police Department has institued a policy that American Indians/Alaska Natives will be specifically targeted
for DUI enforcement. A tra fc checkpoint is established near bars popular with young American Indians and
Alaskan Natives. All of the necessary requirements for checkpoints have been follwed. A list has been
compiled of common American Indian and Alaskan Native names and drivers with cars registered in those
names are identified and asked questions about their present state of intoxication.
A member of the American Indian/Alaskan Native Community has filed suit alleging violations of the equal
QUESTION 16 10 points
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A member of the American Indian/Alaskan Native Community has filed suit alleging violations of the equal
protection provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Could a court finding in conformance with  Monroe v. City of Charlottesville ever find that there had been an
equal protection violation under the Fourteenth Amendment?
Arial 3 (12pt)


Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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